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Persons With Disabilities And Barriers To Transport

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Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. For the purpose of this article, focus will be on the physically challenge persons. 

Categories Of Persons With Disabilities 

There are 2 categories of Persons With Disabilities 

  •  Mobility Impaired
  • Sensory Impaired

Mobility Impaired

Mobility Impaired refers to a category of disability that includes people with varying types of physical disabilities. This type of disability includes upper or lower limb loss disability and disability in co-ordination with different organs of the body

Sensory Impaired

Sensory Impaired is when one of a persons senses; sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste, is no longer normal. For instance, If you wear glasses you have a sight impairment, if you find it hard to hear or have a hearing aid then you have a hearing impairment.

Disabilities and Barriers to transport

Why Should Government(All) Be Worried About Persons With Disabilities 

  • SDG number11 refers to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. This defines the expectations of government as duty bearer to promote the rights of persons with disabilities. As government is championing it, they also ensure that the private sector understands the aim and key it willingly.
  • The high number of persons with disabilities. Globally it is estimated that one billion people have a disability, and 80% live in developing countries.
  • Because every human being is at risk of one form of disability and although disability can be at birth, one can also become disabled during one's lifetime. In other words, disability can happen to all of us with or without notice

Disabilities And Barriers To Transport 

  • High road kerbs and deteriorated walkways force some persons with disabilities to use the road at dangerous places
  • In the absence of accessible footways, disabled movement on wheelchairs are forced to share the road with busy traffic
  • Inaccessible entrances on public transport
  • The structural barriers prevalent in our transport system makes many persons with disabilities to require assistance from an escort, driver or other passengers. Yet other peoples unwillingness or inability to give appropriate help is often felt as a social barrier to mobility.
  • It is believed that high transport cost are often more of a problem for persons with disabilities. They are more likely to be unemployed therefore poorer but would be required to pay extra for their mobility aids. The high cost or the simple unavailability of these aids also constitute a major barrier to their mobility.

For more information read, The Nigerian Disability Act 2018 and How To Improve Mobility And Access For Persons With Disabilities 

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