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Guidelines To Improve Access And Mobility For Persons With Disabilities

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Guidelines To Improve Access And Mobility For Persons With Disabilities involves those expected deliverables to help mobility and accessibility for persons with disabilities. Though there are small differences in specification across the world what is considered good practice is remarkably similar across the world

Basic Principles Of Good Access And Mobility 

The 4 basic principles of good access and mobility are

  • Safety
  • Accessibility
  • Affordability
  • Reliability

 Guidelines to accessibility and Mobility for PWD

 Safety 

  • Mobility aids should be maintained to ensure they are safe to use
  • Wheel chairs should be fitted with safety brakes
  • Pedestrian footways should be separated from vehicular traffic ways
  • Provide good street lightning
  • At intersections where there is traffic lights, traffic should be stopped long enough to allow slow walkers to cross
  • Public transport should have dedicated wheel chair space and ramp to help wheel chair users board public transport
  • Dropped Kerbs close to accessible parking to get on footways. Kerb ramps should provide level surface from road to footway
  • Pedestrian walkway ramps should not be too steep. Many countries recommend a gradient of 8%
  • Minimize crossing distance by extending kerbs across lanes and installing center island
  • Public transport should be fitted with bell/lights to inform drivers of request to stop
  • Persons With Disabilities can be given priority seating which is close to the driver and the exit of the public transport vehicle.

Accessibility 

  • At least some vehicles used for public transport like buses should be fitted with a slide door wheelchair lift

Bus design to carry persons with disabilities

  • Raised crossings used judiciously can enhance pedestrian safety and accessibility

 Affordability 

  • The cost of mobility aids should be low enough so that majority of people can afford it. Government and good spirited individuals can help to subsidize the prices of those mobility aid
  • For Policy makers and planners, it is cheaper to install accessibility functions in new and maintenance projects

 Reliability

  • Footpaths should provide uninterrupted accessible way between designated points.
  • Design/layout of footpaths/crossings should be consistent.
  • Mobility aids should be constructed to cope with the rough terrain found in many developing countries
  • Authorities should subsidize the cost of transport for Persons With Disabilities 

Conclusion 

Globally, efforts are been made for inclusion of Persons With Disabilities in the transportation system. Some countries like Nigeria have taken good steps in Advocacy, Consultation and Cooperation, and the enactment of the Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities (Prohibition) Act, 2018.However, implementation has been the bane of many laws and policies. Therefore, relevant Authorities are enjoined to make funds available and also make conscious efforts to ensure proper planning and implementation so as to achieve the much needed inclusion of people with disability in the society.

For more information, read Persons With Disabilities And Barriers To Transport 

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