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Non-Motorized Transportation

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Non-Motorized Transportation is also known as active and human powered transportation. Non-Motorized Transportation (NMT) Simply means the movement of people, objects, animals, bicycles etc devoid of motor engine. It includes all means of transport that are human powered.    Non-Motorized Transport includes walking and cycling, and variant such as small wheeled transport (rick shaws, skates, skateboards, push scooter and hand carts) and wheelchair travel.  

Using a push scooter on the road

Many urban residents in developing countries and emerging economies rely on cycling or walking but with economic growth , the Non-Motorized Transportation (NMT) quota in transport system is threatened. Almost all rural transport in Sub-Saharan Africa is non-motorized and dominated by head- and- backcarrying by women and children. In many Asian countries, nonmotorized two- and- three wheelers are common sights, employing special adaptations to the vehicle for goods transport, hawking or passenger hire.  
Walking, accounts for two thirds of total trips in large African cities such as Kinshasa and Dar es Salaam. NonMotorized Transportation has been adapted as a cost-effective solution for such diverse purposes as trash disposal, ambulance services, agriculture produce transport and wholesale delivery.  

Areas To Look Into

The benefits to be derived from the implementation of the non motorized transportation are so numerous that one wonders why successive governments at all levels have failed to initiate programmes and actions that will bring cycling into spotlight as one of the effective alternative means of transportation in Nigeria.  
According to a report, it was discovered that the use of bicycle has been part of our transport system especially in our villages from the time of early civilization but has become almost nonexistent due to two (2) major reasons;  
1.    Total absence of cycling infrastructure, law and safety programmes,  
2.    "Class‟ attitude of most Nigerians.   
The question now is, how do we drive the Non-Motorized Transportation programme to succeed in Nigeria given the total lack or absence of infrastructural facilities for Non Motorized Transportation on Nigerian roads and general apathy on the part of the citizenry?   

Riding a bicycle on the street
To effectively achieve this mandate, the first step will be to promote cycling to such a level that it will reawaken the consciousness of people to making cycling a way of life.  
 This requires a steady progress over time including strong political and public support. Change may be difficult at first but determined efforts will make a difference. This will be done in phases where individuals and groups will be brought to light on the benefit of non-motorized transport system in Nigeria.  

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